Planning System 3 Connecting People and Places

Connections – both physical and social – are the foundation of a strong community. They shape human experience and improve quality of life in tangible and intangible ways, allowing residents and visitors to access jobs, services, and educational needs, while also building a sense of community through formal and spontaneous opportunities for people of all ages, abilities, and backgrounds to interact in shared spaces.


Policy CPP – 1.1:  Active Transportation
Prioritize projects that advance walking, bicycling, transit, and other “active” modes of transportation.  Foster mobility innovations that make transportation healthier, safer, more affordable, and more sustainable.

Action CPP-1.1A: Active Transportation Plan
Implement the recommendations of the City’s Active Transportation Plan, adopted by City Council.  

Policy CPP – 1.2:  Bicycle Infrastructure
Proactively invest in the City’s bicycle infrastructure and establish specific performance goals for installing new bike lanes, trails, and other facilities.  Design and install bicycle amenities that can serve a wide range of users, including children and older individuals.   

Policy CPP – 1.3:  Micro Mobility Systems
Increase the availability of micro-mobility systems that allow people to move around the city quickly and conveniently, such as bike share, car share, and on-demand transit services.  Accommodate short trips without dependence on abundant parking and personal cars.

Policy CPP – 1.4:  Transit Service Quality
Partner with Red Rose Transit Authority (RRTA) to identify practical changes in bus routing, frequency, and reliability in order to meet the needs of current and future customers.  Support RRTA in the development and implementation of its Transit Development Plan, which will determine ways to improve the quality of public transportation services and maintain and attract riders.  

Policy CPP – 1.5:  Transit Circulation Around the City
Collaborate with RRTA to improve the ability of residents and visitors to conveniently travel from one neighborhood to another and between destinations in the Downtown.  Improve service for the local trips that support daily economic activities and tourism, above and beyond the traditional, regional “hub and spoke” system that emphasizes longer trips.  Strive for greater equity in the routing, frequency, and affordability of transit service.

Action CPP – 1.5A:  Micro Transit Pilot
Undertake a pilot program to test micro transit service in the city in order to improve the efficiency and experience of City residents trying to access employment, health care, and education.  Obtain federal and other grant funding in partnership with RRTA to enact the pilot, offering on-demand services within defined geographic areas, including low to moderate income neighborhoods. 

Policy CPP – 1.6:  Mobility Hubs and Intermodal Connections
Establish mobility hubs at key locations within the city where people can transfer from one transportation mode to another.  Develop the Lancaster Train Station area and RRTA Center to better facilitate seamless connections between trains, buses, cars, bicycles, and other relevant modes.  Identify smaller hubs in each quadrant that can enrich the intermodal network and facilitate travel.   

Policy CPP – 1.7:  Transportation Services Information and Marketing
Work with appropriate partners to better educate community members about public transportation options.  Promote the use of those options to reduce traffic congestion and parking demand and facilitate access to employment and other important destinations.  Part of this effort may include multi-lingual outreach to refugee and immigrant populations and user-friendly tools to overcome barriers and negative perceptions of transit services.

Policy CPP – 1.8: Reducing Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT)
Reduce Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) as a strategy for curbing greenhouse gas emissions and traffic congestion.  Facilitate shorter trip lengths and fewer overall vehicle trips by locating housing, services, and employment in proximity to each other; encouraging carpooling and other transportation demand management measures; accommodating telecommuting; and maintaining walkable streets and neighborhoods. 

Policy CPP – 1.9:  Transportation and Land Use Coordination
Make significant land development decisions and transportation investments in concert to ensure they mutually support one another.  Encourage transit-supportive development densities and a mix of land uses at major transportation assets like the Lancaster Train Station.  Steer transportation capital funds towards priority development corridors and hubs identified in the Comprehensive Plan and Small Area Plans.  

Policy CPP – 1.10:  Metropolitan Planning
Better coordinate local and regional transportation planning through the metropolitan planning organization (MPO) process to ensure that major City capital needs are reflected in the Transportation Improvement Plan, which contains the long-range investments for the region.  Metropolitan areas that align cross-boundary decisions on transportation infrastructure are the most successful in leveraging state and federal transportation funds and creating positive impacts on the regional economy. 


Policy CPP – 2.1:  Roadway Maintenance and Operations
Maintain roads and other infrastructure in public rights-of-way in good condition.  Apply sound asset management practices, such as condition assessments, pavement indexes, and coordination with land developers and utility companies to prioritize capital improvements.  Utilize sound financial planning to maximize repairs and upgrades relative to available City revenues.

Action CPP – 2.1B:  Alley Study and Plan
Evaluate existing alleys throughout the city and develop a strategy for their long-term ownership, design, and maintenance. Maximize these assets for city-wide planning goals around transportation, stormwater, public safety, housing, and more. Future designs should maximize low-impact development strategies and benefits to adjacent properties. 

Policy CPP – 2.2:  Sidewalks
Ensure that safe, good-quality sidewalks are present on at least one side of every street and preferably on both sides.  Because sidewalks are the legal responsibility of adjacent property owners, the City should work with property owners to facilitate needed repairs.  

Action CP – 2.2A: Sidewalk Repair Assistance
Develop a program or programs to assist low- to moderate-income property owners with sidewalk repairs. Build on and refine program(s) according to lessons learned.

Policy CPP – 2.3:  Traffic Safety
Focus road design and operational improvements on high-collision intersections and roadway segments, and on areas with vulnerable populations including children, seniors and persons with disabilities.  

Action CPP – 2.3A: Vision Zero Plan
Implement the recommendations in the City’s Vision Zero Plan, and eliminate traffic fatalities and serious injuries over the next 20 years.  

Action CPP – 2.3B: Traffic Calming
Create and implement a City Traffic Calming Policy.  The objective of traffic calming is to improve the livability of neighborhoods while maintaining a safe and efficient arterial street system.  The Policy should include strategies to slow down neighborhood traffic and to reduce hazards and speeding on arterials.

Action CPP – 2.3.C:  Two-way Roadway Conversions
Analyze the conversion of select roads from one-way to two-way operations, with the intent of calming traffic and improving the safety, comfort, and vitality of those corridors.  The City has experienced success with two-way conversions on Mulberry and Charlotte Streets.  Other conversions may prove beneficial on streets such as Duke, Lime, Orange, Church, and Willow Street Pike.  Safety and access advantages must be weighed against the impacts on mobility and network operations.

Policy CPP – 2.4:  Congestion Management
Periodically evaluate traffic levels of service and travel times to understand changing travel patterns and delays.  The city experiences very little congestion during most times of day, with the exception of short peak periods during the morning and evening.  This condition may change as local and regional growth continue.   

Policy CPP – 2.5:  Truck Routing
Minimize the impact of trucks and other heavy vehicles on the quality of life within the city.  Coordinate with the PA Department of Transportation to route through-truck traffic around the Downtown and city neighborhoods where possible.  Assign and enforce designated truck routes for delivery of goods to appropriate locations within the city and utilize roadway design to control speed and noise. 

Policy CPP – 2.6:  Parking
Develop parking standards that respond to land use and transportation conditions.  Reduce or eliminate Downtown parking requirements and develop reduced requirements for mixed use districts where alternatives to driving (such as transit) are available.  In residential areas, explore strategies to use existing parking resources more efficiently and increase the supply of shared parking.   

Action CPP-2.6A: Parking Management Strategies
Explore and implement a range of parking management strategies such as amending the residential parking permit program, incentivizing fewer vehicles per household, facilitating shared parking (such as church or business parking lots during off hours), and promoting rear parking pad installations.

Policy CPP – 2.7:  Electric Vehicles and Supporting Infrastructure
Promote the expansion of private and public electric vehicles through the provision of supporting infrastructure.  Install electric vehicle charging stations in public parking garages and encourage the requisite infrastructure in private developments and parking facilities.  Make changes to Building and Zoning codes as needed.

Policy CPP – 2.8: Transportation Innovation
Monitor and manage the effects of changing transportation technology on mobility, including the need for design changes to roads and traffic control systems.  This includes the impacts of autonomous vehicles and connected vehicle technology, as well as the ongoing impacts of Transportation Network Companies (TNCs), which provide prearranged transportation services using an online application or platform to connect drivers using their personal vehicles with passengers, such as Uber and Lyft. 


Policy CPP – 3.1:  Complete Streets
Design and build street improvements that serve a range of users and transportation modes. Where it is not possible to serve every mode on every street due to space constraints, safety, or other barriers, ensure that there is a continuous and complete network of facilities for each mode across the street system.

Policy CPP – 3.2:  Public Realm Design
Design, develop, and maintain high-quality public spaces for social interaction, connection to nature, and civic activities. The public realm, including parks, plazas, and streets, is a key part of the city’s identity and supports civic interaction and economic activity.  Public spaces should incorporate creative design features, such as car-free streets, pocket parks, public art, murals, sidewalk cafes, and a mix of programmed and non-programmed spaces.  These spaces should be welcoming, flexible, and designed with clear intent for their programming and operation.

Policy CPP – 3.3:  Walkability
Recognize walkability as one of Lancaster City’s greatest competitive advantages.  Actively strengthen this asset in ways that boost the economy, health, and environmental quality.   

Action CPP – 3.3A: Downtown Walkability Analysis
Continue to implement the recommendations of the City’s Downtown Walkability Analysis.  Seek ways to expand the main ideas in the report beyond the Downtown into other neighborhoods.

Policy CPP – 3.4: Streetscape
Use landscape design and tree planting to soften the built environment, enhance neighborhood appearance, and advance complementary City goals related to neighborhood improvement (see System 1) and environmental quality (see System 4). 

Action CPP – 3.4A:  Streetscape Guidelines
Update the Lancaster Streetscape Design Guidelines, which direct the look, feel, and function of physical upgrades in the City’s public rights of way.  The guidelines should address features such as paving materials, tree boxes, planting areas, stormwater retention, lighting, benches, charging stations, bike racks, and shade. 

Policy CPP – 3.5:  Gateways and Wayfinding
Use public art, landscaping, trees, signage, and/or other design treatments to distinguish key gateways into the city and distinctive districts.  Enhance pedestrian and driver wayfinding to help residents and visitors easily locate cultural sites, historic resources, recreational opportunities, public buildings, and other primary destinations.

Policy CPP – 3.6:  Signage
Maintain signage regulations that complement and enhance the visual character of commercial and mixed-use districts.  Limit the location and concentration of billboards in ways that maintain historic  viewsheds and avoid visual clutter.  

Action CPP – 3.6A: Billboard Regulations
Evaluate regulations for static and digital billboards, including potential prohibition of new billboards or amortization of existing billboards in specified locations.  

Action CPP – 3.6B:  Sign Ordinance
Evaluate and update the City’s sign ordinance to ensure it aligns with Comprehensive Plan policies and urban design objectives.  Signs, even on private buildings and spaces, should enrich and enliven the public realm. 

Policy CPP – 3.7:  Crime Prevention through Environmental Design
Incorporate Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) principles in the design of public and private space, creating spaces that contribute to personal safety and general security.  

Policy CPP – 3.8:  Safe and Welcoming Downtown and Neighborhood Experience
Support community partnerships and organizations that contribute to a safe, welcoming, and positive experience in the Downtown and surrounding City neighborhoods.  Downtown Investment District programs such as the Ambassadors and Clean Team, can serve as models for other growing neighborhoods.  The Lancaster Office of Promotion and partners should also continue their focus on programming public spaces to ensure they are vibrant and well maintained.